Brain Injury in Youth - Supports for School Success

The Brain Injury in Youth - Supports for School Success site is a Community of Practice (CoP). The purpose of the site is to share ideas, discuss issues, and generate strategies for those who educate, advocate for, and support children and adolescents with brain injury in schools.

This Community of Practice was created by the National Collaborative on Children's Brain Injury (NCCBI), which is composed of representatives from state departments of education, state lead agencies on brain injury, national brain injury organizations, federal brain injury partners, rehabilitation clinicians, and brain injury researchers.

This site has useful information for all types of brain injuries: traumatic brain injury (TBI), including concussion, and non-traumatic brain injury. Although those injuries have different mechanisms, their effects and interventions are generally similar.

What is an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)?
The acquired brain injury category covers ALL injuries to the brain following birth—non-traumatic and traumatic injuries. Regardless of the cause, the consequences of a brain injury are similar, and interventions are generally the same.

Two Types of ABI: Traumatic and Non-Traumatic Brain Injury
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Not all blows or jolts to the head result in a TBI. Most TBIs that occur each year are mild, commonly called concussions.

A non-traumatic brain injury (nTBI) is caused by internal incident (stroke, lack of oxygen, brain tumor, brain infections such as meningitis, etc.).
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What is a Concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way the brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a blow to the body that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth. Even a "ding," "getting your bell rung," or what seems to be a mild bump or blow to the head can be serious.
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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States, contributing to about 30% of all injury deaths. Every day, 138 people in the United States die from injuries that involve a TBI. Those who survive a TBI will face effects ranging from symptoms that last a few days to life-long disabilities. The effects of TBI can include impaired thinking or memory, movement, sensation (e.g., vision or hearing), and emotional functioning (e.g., personality changes, depression). These issues not only affect individuals but can have lasting effects on families and communities.

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